Fitness clubs started operating in the 1950’s and was an environment in which male members trained to increase strength, size, and power. In 1951 Jack LaLanne started hosting a fitness TV show focusing on weight training and nutrition. Also, he invented cable pulley and Smith weight lifting machines which are still used in most of the health clubs around the world .
In the 1970’s group exercise was introduced evolving into a number of various forms of aerobic fitness such as interval, step, and dance. Circuit training as a combination of weight lifting and aerobic exercise emerged in the form of total body pump and bootcamp classes. Also, yoga and Pilates found their way into the mainstream to improve flexibility, balance and body awareness.
Major health and fitness organizations along with the U.S. government have been promoting and encouraging for a long time an active lifestyle and approximately 50 million Americans maintain an active lifestyle. In addition, the fitness industry, health and training organizations continue making efforts to improve their programs, fitness equipment, and services.
The State of Fitness Art
Research indicates musculoskeletal injuries related to low-back, knee and ankle problems are at all-time high for the last 40 years. Also, chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer, asthma and heart diseases continue to grow, and healthcare costs are reaching unsustainable levels [1, 2, 4].
Presently, the majority of training programs revolve about “weights”, “cardio”, stretching and group exercise classes to maintain an active lifestyle.
If overall population health in the U.S. and worldwide is steadily declining, it is fair to question whether the current concepts of active fitness and exercise methodology in the present form fall short of keeping human body fit and healthy.
It is of vital importance to find the missing pieces to the fitness paradigm, and this site is dedicated to identifying existing gaps and developing solutions to address them.
- NASM Essentials of Personal Fitness Training, 4th edition, 2012.
- Harkness EF, Macfarlane GJ, Silman AJ, Mcbeth J. Is musculoskeletal injuries pain more prevalent than 40 years ago? Two population-based cross-sectional studies. Rheumotology (Oxford) 2005 27 (4):238-44.
- AFAA Personal Fitness Training: Theory and Practice, 2nd edition, 2010.
- McGill S. Low back disorders, 2nd edition, 2007, Human Kinetics.
- Ward BW, Schiller JS, Goodman RA. Multiple chronic conditions among US adults: a 2012 update. Prev Chronic Dis. 2014; 11:130389. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd11.130389